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Coordination improves relations in the organization The coordination concept is an interdisciplinary subject and there are the two primary Aims 11. In the face of disruptive forces co-ordination helps to ensure unity of action. He will synchronise the work of his subordinates so that the goals are achieved easily. James D. Mooney considers coordination as the first principle of the organization. For example, take the case of production department, where we have the works manager, and under him the superintendent and then the foreman and last the workmen. It traverses the entire process of managing. On the other hand, substantive co-ordination is concerned with the content of the organisation’s activities. In the process of organisation, the authority and responsibility of various persons is defined and even the relationship among different jobs is also specifically given. Co-ordination is difficult to be achieved under such circumstances. It also eliminates red-tapism and ensures prompt action. So direction of employees will also lead to co-ordination. Through coordination, it is possible to bring about economy and efficiency in the organization. window.__mirage2 = {petok:"f209cb6c072fb525fe6a536f02e5b02cac533d67-1610232155-1800"}; The word is derived from the Greek word organon, which means tool or instrument, musical instrument, and organ The basic function of coordination in an enterprise is the same as that of an orchestra conductor who directs the activities of the orchestra party in such a manner that it produces harmony in music. Tight control of dynamic interfaces is essential to achieving project cost, schedule and scope targets. The method of achieving coordination is largely horizontal, alth­ough vertical coordination in a large organisation cannot be ignored. The absence of this will create suffocating conditions in which it would be difficult for any person to stay r for long in the organization. Therefore, synchronization between them is essential. Co-ordination brings unity of action and integrates different activities. 8. 9. In basic terms, coordination means the integration and synchronization of the activities, resources and efforts of the people working in the organization, which leads to unity of action, in the pursuit of the organization’s objectives. It is a continuous and dynamic process. Therefore, coordination is not a separate function of management because management is successful only if it can achieve harmony between different employees and departments. 2. Coordination is the function of management which ensures that different departments and groups work in sync. Conflicts resolved by compromise (i.e., each side giving up a little) only postpones settlement of the dispute. Vertical coordination takes place between the various links of the different levels of the organisational unit. Coordination helps to minimize the conflicts, rivalries, wastages, delays and other organizational problems. There should be a proper system for reporting. Business involves multiple operations, manifold policies, varied skills, administrative processes and actions, wherein different managers display their talents in different roles. 7. Vague and undefined authority and bitter subordinate relationships cause confusion and conflict of authority. Here are some important features of coordination: Question: What is the coordination meaning are the important features? ... Responsibility means an employee's duty to perform assigned task or activities. concepts cleared in less than 3 steps. 3. Line authorities may prefer to cling to conservatism but staff officers may like to introduce an innovation. Co-ordination can certainly be achieved at planning stage. Therefore, we can say that the coordination function is an orderly arrangement of efforts providing unity of action in pursuance of a common goal. (iii) At lower level of management, the activities of workers and others are co-ordinated for achieving departmental goals. If these are not available then co-ordination cannot be established in the activities of the enterprise. Steps for Effective Coordination 16. (ii) At middle level, co-ordination is needed to balance the activities of different departments for attaining the organisational objectives. It harmonizes, unifies and blends all activities and thus, ensures the achievement of predetermined objectives. This may be illustrated as follows – Commun­ication – Understanding – Good human relations – Cooperation – Coordin­ation. Co-ordination is to harmonise various activities of the enterprise to ensure smooth working. 6. Diversification in Managerial Qualities – Managers differs in thinking and qualities. Procedural and substantive — which according to Herbert A. Simon, procedural co-ordination implies the specification of the organisation in itself, i.e. v. Management should provide opportunities for employees across the levels to attend training in the areas of leadership, team building coordination, etc. Coordination implies synchronization of various efforts of different departments to reduce conflict. Coordination is the force that binds all the other functions of management. Need 4. A vast number of variables due to the incompleteness of human knowledge limit the degree of co-ordination. 5. Continuous because it is achieved through the performance of different functions. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about Economics. Co-ordination is an effort to reach business goals by means of planning, organising, actuating and controlling various activities. It is a process by which the manager achieves harmonious group effort and unity of action in the pursuit of a common purpose. i. Co-ordination is not a separate function but the very essence of management. The whole or entire activities of the organisation should be divided department-wise or section-wise according to the size of the organisation. iii. The managers across the level have to consciously exercise co-ordination. Sometimes it is considered as a separate function of management. Every forecast is not cent percent perfect and accurate, due to some natural calamities like heavy rains, floods, droughts, earth quakes and certain abnormal changes in the behaviour of individuals and groups in organisation. Therefore, coordination is necessary to bring unity of action in the organization. A clear definition of everybody’s roles, responsibilities, and the team’s chain of command is crucial in building a strong coordination and effective workflow within an organisation. It is a hidden force which binds all the other functions of management. Similar problem arises between functional managers at the same levels. At this stage, it is also important for us to discuss what external coordination is. Harmonized Policies and Practices – Policies, procedure and rules serve as guidelines for decision- making in a constant manner. Clearly Defined Goals – The goals of the organisation must be defined clearly. Thus, Terry and Theo Haimann are not in favour of regarding coordination as a separate function of management. Coordination, the process of interaction that integrates a collective set of interdependent tasks, is a central purpose of organizations. This may lead to confusion and chaos in the organization. For example, to ensure harmonious functioning of the organisation, it is essential that the functions of purchasing, designing, production and sales departments are co-ordinated. 7. 4. Moreover, there are good human relations because the authority-responsibility relationships are clear. 3. Share Your Word File How to Improve Coordination in a Business Organization is a common question asked by organizations small and large. There are many variations in these functions which may create problems in the establishment of co-ordination. Communication brings about good understanding. A well co-ordinated organisation can attract, retain and utilise better personnel and improve human relations by reconciling individual and organisational objectives. At each level superior coordinate the activities and efforts of subordinates by means of authority. Coordination is the essence of management or manager ship, for the achievement of harmony of individual effort towards the accomplish­ment of group goals is the purpose of management. Importance 7. These officers iron out the barriers of smooth coordination. Diversified and specialised activities under the principle of division of labour leading to an extreme specialisation, demand special attention to co-ordination. Coordination is the force that binds all the other functions of management. 2. Co-ordination not improves the morale and job satisfaction of employees and improves the efficiency of operations. Effective co-ordination of programmes tasks and functions of various departments of an organisation will be an inbuilt control technique, which takes care of effective implementation of plans. Good human relations, in turn, depend upon understanding of the goals of the organisation. Although for the success of any organisation co-ordination must exist between different departments, groups and activities. It is the responsibility of every manager in the organization. 3. The process by which a manager synchronizes the activities of different department is known as coordination. In sociology ‘organization’ is understood as planned, coordinated and purposeful action of human beings in order to construct or compile a common tangible or intangible product or service. Good coordination gives job satisfaction to the employees which keep their morale high. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. Lack of co-ordination results in inefficiency poor morale and greater wastage of resources. It is essential that there be complete coordination, so that unity of action on the part of all is achieved. By joining different units and sections into one, co-ordination ensures stability and development of an organisation and make executive to see organisation as a whole. Employees of each department perform their duties with a view to achieving common objectives collectively. To resolve conflicts by domination leaves one party the victor and the other vanquished. It is present in all the functions. i. Compartmentalization arising from lack of understanding. Coordination is the common thread that runs through all activities such as – purchase, production, sales, and finance to ensure continuity in the working of the organisation. Therefore direct contact must begin in the very early stages of the process. If each individual is allowed to perform his own function efficiently without taking note of the connected function performed by another individual, there will result a chaos in the organisation. It does not involve sacrifice on any party. Features 6. (i) Planning needs co-ordination among main plan and sub-plans. iv. The manager should use a group system to take decisions. Now learn Live with India's best teachers. They will feel that they have a place in the organisation. 2. To the extent rules, regulations, policies, procedures and programmes are clearly laid, there would be consistency in action. Co-ordination will be effective, when the following principles are followed: Co-ordinating activity should commerce from the planning stage itself. A higher degree of coordination happens when the degree of integration in the performance of various functions increases. Administration and co-ordination are one and the same thing; one is not possible without the other. Liaison officer – Liaison officers are appointed in the organisation to enhance the coordination between different sections, units and groups. v. It is required in group efforts and not in individual effort. When an individual is working, there is no need for coordination. George Terry, “Co-ordination deals with the task of blending efforts in order to ensure successful attainment of an objective. Lack of Proper Development of Ideas – There may be a lack of orderly method of development of new ideas and programmes. This happens because through coordination, duplication of efforts is prevented and the time and energy thus saved are better utilized in more creative tasks. He will give them directions, guidelines and instructions for doing a job assigned to them. 4. Preparing and adherence to rigid rules and regulations, procedures, policies, etc. The informal relations speed up the activity of the cooperation. He will direct in such a way that the achievement of overall organisational objectives is ensured. The presence of coordination becomes part of their job experience and hence can form a very useful part of their training”. In order for business organizations to improve coordination they must have strong processes in place combined with the proper business management software. Coordination emphasizes the unity of efforts. (i) To develop team spirit among the staff and to canalise their efforts in the direction of reaching the chosen goals of business. Have a doubt at 3 am? Steps 13. 8. Following steps are advocated for overcoming the constraints in co-ordination: i. Coordination definition is - the process of organizing people or groups so that they work together properly and well. Managerial Hierarchy – Managerial Hierarchy in the organisation is also responsible for coordination. It is not successful in the long run. A manager has to perform five interrelated functions in the process of managing an organization, which is s system made up of different inter linked and interdependent subsystems. In order that there be understanding among people, there must be effective means of communication among them. Co-ordination is the result of the process of management. Cooperation – When the individuals of the organisation help each other voluntarily, coordination become easier. Through coordination it is possible to bring about total accomplishment which will be far in excess of the sum of the individual parts. ADVERTISEMENTS: It is “the process of integrating the objectives and activities of the separate units (departments or functional areas) of an organisation in order to achieve organisational goals efficiently.”. (iii) Co-ordination in staffing function is needed between nature of job and qualifications of employees and between nature of work and compensation fixed. When people in an organization is capable of independent and self-directed action and if their actions lie in different directions, coordination becomes difficult to achieve. Coordination may be defined as the process of managing dependencies between activities (Malone & Crowston, 1994). 4. There should be a regular flow of information among various persons so that they are given required information for proper co- ordination. When production is planned with the consent of other concerned managers then co-ordination takes place at planning level. Each Managerial function is an exercise contributing individually to coordination. Managers at each level are required to perform this function for smooth operations in the organisation. (h) To remove the possible causes of difference of views and conflict of interests among the personnel of the concern. 5. Co-ordination is an essential part of organisation. TOS4. The quality of coordination is the crucial factor in the survival of an organisation. Coordination is the function of management which ensures that different departments and groups work in sync. There should be proper delegation of authority and responsibility. Lack of Administrative Capability – Co-ordination has to be achieved at administrative level. Meaning and Definitions Provided by Newman, Henry Fayol, Ordway Tead, George Terry, Koontz and O’Donnell, Henry Fayol, “To co-ordinate is to harmonise all the activities of a person in order to facilitate its working and its success.” Co-ordination is necessary to enable, Coordination – Objectives: Reconciliation of Goals, Total Accomplishment, Economy and Efficiency, Good Personal Relations, Retention of Managerial and Other Personnel. Like the orchestra conductor, a manager also performs the function of securing and maintaining unity of direction throughout the organization. Each of them tends to stress one or another different policy or method depending upon the experience of the department. According to McFarland “if job satisfaction are present, executives will tend to remain longer with the company. The plans of different departments or sections will be co-ordinated to prepare a plan for the whole organisation. Skilled workers are to be rewarded adequately. 9. Where the magnitude of individual differences is significant in an organization in terms of perception, values and beliefs, co-ordination is difficult to achieve. Need for co-ordination arises due to inter-dependency of various functional departments. Coordination is the essence of management or manager ship, for the achievement of harmony of individual effort towards the accomplish­ment of group goals is the purpose of management. Ordway Tead, “Co-ordination is the effort to assure a smooth interplay of the function and forces of all the different component parts of an organisation to the end that its purposes will be realised with minimum of friction and a maximum of collaboration effectiveness.” The purpose of co-ordination is to synchronise the functions of various departments for achieving organisational goals with minimum efforts. It is co-ordination. Coordination is “the process of linking the activities of various departments of the organisation.”. In this situation, levels of authority are super-imposed upon each other, and the activities assigned to the several levels must be coordinated. Coordination is the common thread that runs through all activities such as – purchase, production, sales, and finance to ensure continuity in the working of the organisation. Everybody should be free to express his option. the generalized description of the behavior and relationship of the members of the organisation. This avoids misunderstanding or misrepresentation and the tasks are successfully implemented. 3. This means human relations, and good human relations “pay off” through cooperative coordination. Therefore, this should be promoted in the organisation. Lacking coordination, departments might work in different directions or at different timings, creating chaos. Coordination has been viewed by different management experts in different ways. In fact, co-ordination makes planning more purposeful, organisation better-knit and control more regulative, it is the key to the process of management. The exercise of each managerial function involves co- ordination. Well-defined policies and procedures should also be introduced so everyone has a transparent perspective of … Objectives may overlap. The quality of co­ordination is the crucial factor in the survival of an organisation. Some of the important aims of co-ordination are as follows: (a) To ensure a smooth interplay of the functions and forces of all the different component parts of the organisation. Management should persuade the employees to actively take pan in committees, conferences, seminars and the like. Share Your PPT File. The entire organizational activities should be properly divided department wise and section wise. Let’s take a look at coordination meaning. Join courses with the best schedule and enjoy fun and interactive classes. 3. In an organization, the efficient coordination of internal and external components help in reducing the complexities (both internal and external). Problems 18. planning, directing, organising, controlling, staffing, leading, etc. The manager brings about this process as he performs the basic managerial functions of planning, organising, staffing, directing and controlling. This empire building tendency makes co-ordination difficult. In turn, cooperation originates in the Latin cum operare —that is, operating together with others. No order to coordinate can achieve coordination. 7. It has been observed that the total accomplishment of ten employees of a department whose efforts are properly coordinated will be far greater than the mathematical sum of their individual accomplishment. This is the synergetic effect of co-ordination. Louis A. Allen also regards coordination as one of the separate managerial functions. It ensures smooth working of the organization. The personal contact is the most effective type of communication. Coordination – Importance: Views of Henry Fayol, James D. Mooney, Ralph C. Davis, Coordination – Principles of Coordination according to Mary Parker Follet, – Techniques: Clearly Defined Goals, Cooperation, Harmonized Policies and Practices, Sound Organizational Structure, Managerial Hierarchy and a Few Others, – Coordination and Managerial Function: Planning, Organizing, Directing, Staffing and Control, Problems Encountered in Achieving Co-Ordination: Conflict of Objectives, The Growing Size, Undefined Authority, Empire Building Tendencies and a Few Others, – Advantages: Higher Efficiency and Economy, Good Human Relations, Unity of Direction, Quintessence of Management and Organisational Effectiveness. In fact the undertaking of various functions is itself co-ordination. Coordination is implicit and inherent in all functions of an organisation. For example, if an engineering concern opens a new branch, its personnel department must be ready with personnel to run it. Sometimes it is considered as a separate function of management. It is a process which can be achieved through managerial functions. Interdependence of units: Various units of an organisation depend upon … Where right men are appointed for the right job, co-ordination can be achieved with ease. By coordination, we mean a process, used by the management to synchronise various activities in the organisation. The discussion of various definitions of co-ordination leads to the following inferences: 1. Techniques 14. It works on the fulcrum of unity of purpose. Newman, “Co-ordination is a part of all phases of administration and that it is not a separate and distinct activity.” Administration is possible only when various activities of the enterprise are properly co-ordinated. Everything you need to know about coordination. However, the management can always make special efforts to improve it. Mooney considers co-ordination as the very essence of organisation. ii. To the extent deviations from the standard are addressed and the performance is aligned to the target, there is co-ordination. The development of data processing devices are of utmost use for facilitating quick communication. 3. 5. Sometimes it is considered as a … Organization management refers to the art of getting people together on a common platform to make them work towards a common predefined goal. 1. Organization management enables the optimum use of resources through meticulous planning and control at the workplace. Co-ordination is a dynamic process and it is to be exercised all the time to ensure smooth functioning of departments. In the absence of co-ordination, administration will not be possible. Natural phenomenon like rains, floods, droughts, earth quake and abnormal changes in human behaviour of individuals and groups in the organisation are the examples of uncertain future. 5. Coordination will avoid duplication of efforts due to which there will be economy in labour, time and equipment. 5. On BusinessDirectonary.com, integration is described as the process of attaining close and seamless coordination between several departments or groups. For instance, while sales department is concerned with consumer satisfaction, production department may be concerned with adhering to production schedules. (Source: Pixabay). Privacy Policy3. It is accomplished by means of planning, organising, actuating and controlling.” The aim of co-ordination is to achieve better results and this may be done in different ways. Communication System – A good communication system promotes cooperation and mutual understandings among individuals and groups. 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