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Go! This complex belongs with the subgenus Bactrocera and species are therefore sometimes cited with the subgeneric name, e.g. Adult female (center) and anterior spiracle of third instar larva (lower left). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 106(6): 684-694. Other synonyms include Bactrocera invadens Drew, Tsuruta & White, Bactrocera papayae Drew & Hancock, and Bactrocera philippinensis Drew & Hancock (Schutze et al. Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel, 1912) homotypic synonym: Bactrocera (Bactrocera) dorsalis. Order and Family: Diptera, Tephritidae; Description. Females are capable of laying over 3,000 eggs during their lifetime under optimal conditions, but in field conditions, reports a typical range from about 1,200 to 1,500 eggs laid per female. The above descriptions were from larvae examined in verified samples from Hawaii (in immatures collection of the Florida State Collection of Arthropods). Bactrocera correcta. Most Bactrocera and Dacus spp., including the invasive Bactrocera spp., have a pair of black spots on the face, one under each antenna . ME should be used in bucket type traps such as It is one of the major pest species in the genus Bactrocera with a broad host range of cultivated and wild fruits. Insects Micronesia (Honolulu) 14: 1-28. Figure 7. 1991. Section 2 covers the life cycle of typical fruit flies, male lures (particularly methyl eugenol and Cuelure), protein baits, fruit fly damage and crop losses, and the host fruit preferences of the main fruit flies involved in the project. 1.Introduction. Although its' name does not illicit much response here in Singapore, in countries such as the United States and Kenya, the mention of the Oriental fruit fly will send agricultural farmers, fruit vendors, immigration authorities fuming mad. Identification of Fruit Fly Larvae Frequently Intercepted at Ports of Entry of the United States. Synonym (s): Dacus dorsalis Hendel, 1912. This species is known … dorsalis. Common Names. General information about Bactrocera dorsalis (DACUDO) EPPO Global Database. Coverage: Size (Mbp) Contigs: N50 (kbp) Ref. Female oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis, ovipositing on citrus fruit. [18] Transmission electron microscopy was employed to view changes in flight muscle ultrastructures. Heppner JB. Unless proven otherwise, all cultivars, varieties, and hybrids of the plant species listed herein are considered suitable hosts of B. dorsalis. Caudal end with paired dorsal papillules (D1 and D2) diagonally dorsad to each spiracular plate; intermediate papillules (I1-2) as widely-separated pair on a large raised and curved elevation diagonally ventrad of each spiracular plate, with a remote I3 at about 45° from the I1-2 elevation; L1 on the median edge of the caudal end; a pair of ventral papillules (V1-2) approximately ventrad of I2 near the latero-ventral edge of the caudal end (V2 indistinct); posterior spiracles as three elongated (ca. Genbank common name: oriental fruit fly NCBI BLAST name: flies Rank: species Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation … San Salvador: Org. includes: Bactrocera sp. Oriental Fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis, Host List The berries, fruit, nuts and vegetables of the listed plant species are now considered host articles for B. dorsalis. Nowadays, it has also been introduced to Hawaii, the Mariana Islands and Tahiti. [21] The Miami-Dade County in Florida had to perform the quarantine technique when the insect was detected in fruits there in August 2015; they were eliminated from the area in February 2016. (Committee on Common Names of Insects), 1997: null. Recommended trap: Dome Trap & Hanger (P043-Trap) Durable plastic trap with clear top &yellow bottom for monitoring & mass trapping fruit flies. However, its host plants are not specifically listed under paragraphs (a), (b) [7][6], B. dorsalis is a species of tephritid fruit fly. [21], One simple, but effective technique called field sanitation, through which all unmarketable fruits get removed from the fields and disposed as soon as they are observed, so that re-infestation does not occur. All pathways the pest may enter or spread around the UK on. [22], To resolve these concerns, several techniques have been implemented, including sterile insect technique, protein bait sprays, and male annihilation. Alternatively, fruits can be harvested earlier in the season than the flies anticipate; this has proven effective with the mango fruit. This species was discovered by Drew and Hancock in 1994. Bactrocera dorsalis was formerly known as Dacus dorsalis. 69 pp. [11] In New Zealand, researchers recorded 7-33 interceptions of fruit flies per year in cargo. Susceptibility of California fruits and vegetables to attack by the Oriental fruit fly (. Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi), commonly known as guava fruit fly, is regulated through the Plant Protection Act of 2000 (7 U.S.C. Germany: Orientalische Fruchtfliege; Japan: mikan-ko-mibae; Netherlands: mangga-vlieg; EPPO code. Binomial name; Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett, 1849) Synonyms; Chaetodacus cucurbitae Dacus cucurbitae Strumeta cucurbitae Zeugodacus cucurbitae. Genbank common name: oriental fruit fly. A Review of Recorded Host Plants of Oriental Fruit Fly, Vargas RI, Leblanc L, Putoa R, Eitam A. Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) is an important pest of fruit-bearing plants in many countries worldwide. 1989. Flies that belong to this family are usually small to medium-sized with colorful markings. NG-2014. Photograph by Okinawa Prefectural Fruit Fly Eradication Project Office. Pest Fruit Flies of the World - Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (link is external) Pest Fruit Flies of the World. Bactrocera dorsalis is a species of tephritid fruit fly that is endemic to Southeast Asia. Bactrocera species Common name Synonyms Bactrocera (Bactrocera) carambolae Drew and Hancock, 1994 Carambola fruit fly None Bactrocera (Bactrocera) caryeae (Kapoor, 1971) Chaetodacus ferrugineus incises Bezzi, 1916 Dacus (Strumeta) caryeae Kapoor, 1971 Bactrocera (Bactrocera) dorsalis s.l. Many of these are either known or believed to have the potential to damage a diverse array of important crops. Bibliographic References Common Name(s): oriental fruit fly : oriental fruit fly [English] Valid Name: Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel, 1912) Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: invalid - original name/combination : Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Researchers observed that flight speed and distance changed with the age of the fruit fly, reaching its maximum capacity at 15 days of age. of fruit collected (N = 22,368). [20], Human activities are partially responsible for causing the spread of the species from one region to another. Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation table 5 (Invertebrate Mitochondrial) Other names: Bactrocera dorsalis • Native to Asia • Introduced to Kenya (2003), rapid spread across 20+ countries • Wide host range, favourites are mango, guava, citrus and banana • Out-competing native fruit flies (Ceratitis cosyra) in Africa where it was first described as a new species, Bactrocera invadens • Massive economic impact, Kenyan mango Meanwhile, Comamonas are extremely abundant in pupae, but disappear entirely by adulthood. Apparently, ripe fruit are preferred for oviposition, but immature ones may also be attacked. Taxonomy and distribution of the oriental fruit fly and related species (Tephritidae, Diptera). [9], Endemic to Southeast Asia, B. dorsalis is a highly invasive pest species that now has a presence in at least 65 countries. Hardy DE. However, albeit their similar common names, Drosophila melanogaster, the Common fruit fly, does not belong to the same family as Bactrocera dorsalis, the Oriental fruit fly; Drosophila melanogaster belongs to the family Drosophilidae whilst Bactrocera dorsalis belongs to the family Tephritidae (See Figure 3). Bactrocera dorsalis, previously known as Dacus dorsalis and commonly referred to as the oriental fruit fly, is a species of tephritid fruit fly that is endemic to Southeast Asia. ONAH-2014.OnE3. Bactrocera dorsalis : Current status JH VENTER NPPOZA MAY 2017 . Host: Most fruits and fruiting vegetables, wild hosts. Bactrocera carambolae are specifically native to Malaysia, southern Thailand and western Indonesia. [14][16], Polyandry has been observed in B. Steck GJ. Bactrocera invadens and other invasive Bactrocera species such as Bactrocera dorsalis and Bactrocera zonata. A quarantine was established, and eradication efforts followed. However, when there was a refractory period, females lay more eggs. Close. The larval stage of the life cycle is the most damaging to fruits because of larval feeding on the soft flesh of fruits. This particular muscle structure was evident in 15-day-old female adult B. dorsalis flies. dorsalis. The tropical fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae) of the Australasian and Oceanian region. cucurbitae (Melon fruit fly) Approximately 1500 DAFF traps and 300 Fruitfly Africa traps 3 Development from egg to adult under summer conditions requires about 16 days. These markings may form a T-shaped pattern, but the pattern varies considerably. Pest Management Science, 67 370-376. Issues of Concern: Oriental fruit fly (Bactrocera dorsalis) (Diptera: Tephritidae) is a destructive, polyphagous pest of quarantine significance (Clarke et al., 2005).In September of 2018, B.dorsalis, was collected from traps in Italy (Nugnes et al., 2018).Eight adult males were captured from two monitoring stations. Figure 2. Oriental Fruit Fly Information. Scientific Name Of The Pest : Bactrocera Dorsalis Common Name of the Pest : Oriental fruit fly Host crops : Apricot , Banana, Citrus, Guava, Mango, Papaya, Peach, Pear, Pineapple, Sapota, Tomato. sites sampled over dates. 1953. Reg. Almost all other species of the B. dorsalis complex mainly occur in the same region. Bulletin of the California Insect Survey 7: 1-117. Musca ferruginea Fabricius, 1794. In the Pacific Islands, the fly has restricted the development of a diverse tropical fruit and vegetable industry, necessitated that commercial fruits go through quarantine treatment before shipment, and provided an avenue for their introduction to countries not previously exposed to the fly species. Steiner trap used to monitor and control the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel). Copyright: IAEA Imagebank A quarantine was established and an eradication program begun (CDFA 2010). Common name i: Oriental fruit fly: Synonym i: Dacus dorsalis: Other names i ›Bactrocera (Bactrocera) dorsalis ›Bactrocera (Bactrocera) invadens ›Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel, 1912) ›Bactrocera invadens ›Bactrocera invadens Drew, Tsuruta & White, 2005 More » NCBI BLAST name: flies. ชื่อพ้อง (Synonym) Bactrocera sp. 1985. A few of the important pest species include: Asian fruit fly, Bactrocera invadens Carambola fly, Bactrocera carambolae Chinese citrus fruit fly, Bactrocera minax guava fruit fly,Bactrocera correcta Malaysian fruit fly,Bactrocera latifrons melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae olive fruit fly, Bactrocera oleae oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis peach frui… Plant Prot. Figure 11. The adult oriental fruit fly is somewhat larger than a housefly, about 8 mm in length. Common name of the pest: Oriental fruit fly Taxonomy: The family Tephritidae consists of a vast number of species and includes many species that are significant agricultural pests. Host1 of C. capitata. This code has been deactivated as B. invadens is considered to be a synonym of B. dorsalis . Four major oriental fruit fly infestations in California were eradicated between 1960 and 1997. Relationship of sexual maturation rate to response of Oriental fruit fly strains (Diptera: Tephritidae) to methyl eugenol. Drawing by Division of Plant Industry. ONAH-2014. Status of Bactrocera dorsalis: Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental Fruit Fly) is a quarantine pest of Asian origin capable of infesting various commercial fruit crops (400 recorded hosts).It was previously described as the Invader fruit fly (Bactrocera invadens).It is now found in 65 countries and in most sub-Saharan countries. Insects - Seed, Cone, Flower, Bud and Fruit Damaging Insects. 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